Relația instituțiilor publice cu persoanele șomere: O analiză de gen The Relationship of Public Institutions with the Unemployed: A Gender Analysis Section Studies


Ștefania Cristina Stanciu


This article aims to analyze the relationship between the public institutions responsible for reducing unemployment and the unemployed people, both men and women. The analysis is based on a gender perspective on the involvement of public institutions in this social issue. The purpose of this article is to identify the degree of involvement and collaboration of the public institutions responsible for reducing unemployment with the two identified groups. The division of unemployment by gender is argued by the fact that it has different causes depending on gender, which is why the measures taken to combat it should be adapted to this criterion. The same is true of the relationship between public institutions and those directly affected by this problem. The research methodology used to achieve the proposed goal is a combination of quantitative methods – sociological inquiry based on questionnaire and qualitative – semi-structured interview, both conducted within the two target groups: women and men. Finally, a calculation tool for public institutions, which helps to identify the degree of involvement and collaboration with the unemployed, is proposed, based on the interpretation of the results, as a result of the obtained score, making some specific recommendations. Unemployment affects both men and women, but the response to this problem is different for gender, as well as the subsequent solutions identified and how to relate and collaborate with responsible institutions.


Author Biography

Ștefania Cristina Stanciu, University of Bucharest

Address: 4-12 Regina Elisabeta Blvd., 030018, District 3, Bucharest, Romania.


How to Cite
Stanciu, Ștefania C. (2018). Relația instituțiilor publice cu persoanele șomere: O analiză de gen: The Relationship of Public Institutions with the Unemployed: A Gender Analysis. Sociologie Românească, 16(3-4), 107-121. Retrieved from


Cleveland, G., Gunderson, M. și Hyatt, D. (1996) Child care costs and the employment decision of women: Canadian evidence. Canadian Jour-nal of Economics, 29, 140–149.
Da Costa Barreto, M., Ryan, M. K. și Schmitt, M. T. (2009) The Glass Ceiling in the 21st Cen-tury: Understanding Barriers to Gender Equ-ality. California: American Psychological Asso-ciation.
Dima, L. (2012) Relații de muncă și industriale în Uniunea Europeană. București: C. H. Beck.
Dobre, M. și Ailenei, D. (2010) Motivații com-portamentale ale discriminării de gen pe piața muncii din România. Economie teoretică și aplicată, XVII.
Enescu, A. L. (2012) Timpul de muncă și de odihnă în dreptul național și în dreptul Uniunii Europene. București: C.H. Beck.
Gaddis, I. și Klasen, S. (2014) Economic devel-opment, structural change, and women’s labor force participation: A reexamination of the femi-nization U hypothesis. Journal of Population Economics, 27, 645–679.
Greenwood, J., Seshadri, A. și Yorukoglu, M. (2005) Engines of liberation. The Review of Economic Studies, 72, 120–133.
Hon, L. C. și Grunig, J. E. (1999) Guidelines for Measuring Relationships in Public Relations. Institute for Public Relations.
Institutul Național de Statistică (2017) Forța de muncă în România: ocupare și șomaj.
Jaba, E. (1979) Forța de muncă a femeii din zona Iași, 1950–1975. Studiu de Statistică Socială. Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Iași.
Jaumotte, F. (2003) Female labour force partici-pation: Past trends and main determinants in OECD Countries. OECD Publication, Working Papers, 376.
Ledingham, J. A. și Bruning, S. D. (1998) Relati-onship Management in Public Relations: Di-mensions of an Organization-Public Relati-onship. Public Relations Review, 24.
Lehrer, E. și Nerlove, M. (1986) Female labor force behaviour and fertility in the United Sta-tes. Annual Review of Sociology, 12.
Mincer, J. (1963) Opportunity costs and income effects. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Popescu, L. G. (2007) Comunicarea în adminis-trația publică, ediția a doua revizuită și adăugi-tă. București: Economică.
Șandor, S. H. R. (2004) Satisfacția clienților administrației publice. Revista Transilvania de Științe Administrative, 1.
Smith, M. (2012) Social regulation of the gender pay gap in the EU. European Journal of Social Relations, 18, 4, 375–392.
Stolzenberg, R. și Waite, L. (1977) Age, fertility expectations and plans for employment. Ameri-can Sociological Review, 42, 771–780.
Tam, H. (2011) U-shaped female labor participati-on with economic development: Some panel data evidence. Economics Letters, 110, 2.
Theaker, A. (2008) The Public Relations Han-dbook, Third Edition. Routledge: London and New York.
Zlate, M. (2004) Tratat de psihologie organizați-onal-managerială. București: Polirom.
Zamfir, E. și Zamfir, C. (2005) Situația femeii în România. București: Expert.