Sociologie Românească https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr <p>Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology Review) is the official journal of the Romanian Sociological Association. First established in 1936, by the renowned (Romanian) scholar Dimitrie Gusti, the founder of the Sociological School of Bucharest, the Romanian Sociology Review is dedicated to promoting sociological knowledge and inquiry related to a broad-range of social processes. Covering different topics and domains, including gender studies, political issues, social inequalities, education, organization &amp; labour studies, criminology and migration studies, the review’s focus is oriented towards (but not limited to) empirical research from a sociological and historical approach.<br>Sociologie Românească is published under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</a> (CC BY 4.0) license.</p> <p>ISSN 1220-5389<br>E-ISSN 2668-1455</p> en-US contact@revistasociologieromaneasca.ro (Sociologie Românească) support@revistasociologieromaneasca.ro (Eugen Glăvan) Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Institutions, sanctioning processes and the management of commons. A field-based analysis of the monitoring, controlling and sanctioning instruments in the communal villages’ Obște https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1394 <p>The aim of this paper is to present an Institutional overview of the Romanian communal village form of property known as Obste and of the difference between “the old” and “the new” Obște. The Obste is the entity which manages the commons held by the villagers in a communal form of property. Usually, the commons managed by the Obste consist of forests, pastures and common infrastructure (markets, schools, ballrooms or even the public lighting system in some cases). The type of commons over which the Obste has a major impact is the forest, because the incentives to exploit it in order to increase the total revenue are much more pressing. The analysis will be based on the institutional analysis and development framework. The analysis will be cross-temporal in the sense that all the communal villages will be analyzed over three time periods: the old Obste (the period until 1948) –, the communist period (1948-1989, when all the communal properties were transferred to state’s property) and the new Obste (1990 – present; a significant moment in this third period was the enforcement of a new law in 2000, which opened the opportunity to re-establish the communal village’s Obste). The focus of the paper will be on the effects of the monitoring and sanctioning instruments in the three periods mentioned above and on how their changes affected the CPRs institutions' robustness levels.</p> David Diaconu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1394 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Strada Mozaic - gentrificare parțială în București https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1395 <p>Most post-socialist gentrification researchers have shown the importance of political transformations and the role of the state played in this process, focusing on changes in the property regime and how they led to the emergence of new classes of gentrifiers and excluded. Without contradicting such a thesis, the article highlights the importance of the cultural features, demonstrating that the city is shaped not only by political and economic forces, but also by the symbols that people attach to the space. This ethnographic research explores the physical, aesthetic, functional and cultural transformations of Vasile Lascăr street, an old street in the center of Bucharest, in the micro context of changing daily practices for certain categories of population and in the wider context of some political laws or urban projects. The research confirms the results of other studies on urban transformations in the post-socialist states, where, as in the case of the studied street, gentrification took place only selectively and partially and was seen by the locals rather as a natural process, then a brutal intrusion into their lives. The way in which a simple street in Bucharest has been transformed reiterates the debate on the existence of a post-socialist gentrification, outlining an urban space of contrasts and particularities compared to the global city.</p> Raluca Popescu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1395 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Impactul politicii de acordare a ajutorului social pentru asigurarea venitului minim garantat asupra reducerii sărăciei în România https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1396 <p>The means-tested social benefits provided in Romania are guaranteed minimum income, family support allowance, and heating aid. In this paper, we focus on the allocation of the guaranteed minimum income and their impact on the beneficiaries. Using data from Family Household Budget Survey 2016 we describe the profile of the beneficiaries, and we analyze the extent to which guaranteed minimum income beneficiaries continue to be in situations such as severe material deprivation, and relative poverty after social transfers. The results show that most beneficiaries are in severe material deprivation, with more than half of them deprived of food and new clothes. Also, the guaranteed minimum income manages to lift only 2% out of relative monetary poverty.</p> Sebastian Țoc, Bianca Buligescu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1396 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Politici sociale de protecție a populației față de riscul victimizării https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1397 <p>One important dimension of the quality of individuals’ life is represented by their personal degree of comfort and security regarding any dangers and risks generated by violent acts, aggression and deceits committed against their physical integrity and their assets. Criminality is a serious and dangerous phenomenon because it violates the most important values and social relations that protects the social order, safety, health, people`s belongings and their fundamental rights and freedoms. Also it represents a potential menace for the structure and cohesion of social groups and institutions, generating feelings of insecurity and fear feelings among various population categories. According with the European resolutions the victims should benefit of unrestrained access to justice and receive a fair treatment. The administrative and judicial mechanisms should allow them to obtain some <em>compensations </em>by formal or informal procedures that should be expeditious, fair, inexpensive and accessible. The victims should be treated with compassion and respect their self-dignity. The main goals of the present study are to identify and explain elements of the victimization risk factors in order to try to diminish and prevent them and to evaluate several programs and policies utilised by the social control institutions. In this paper we analyse statistics offered by the Police, Public Prosecutor`s Office, Courts and surveys made by the National Institute of Statistics regarding the risk of victimization, as well as studies conducted by the Research and Crime Prevention Institute. These data are further interpreted in the context of the social harm of criminality and issues regarding victimization.</p> Dan Banciu, Lucian Rotariu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1397 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Politici sociale adresate fenomenului îmbătrânirii populației https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1398 <p>The phenomenon of global demographic aging has been going on for several years. The present article presents the basic tendency of this phenomenon, with express reference to the specificity of the phenomenon in Romania and inserts the following topics: the trends of global and European demographic aging, the international institutions and documents focused on domain management, the demographic forecast and European social policies, the characteristics of the aging trend in Romania, the living conditions of the elderly in Romania, the social policies and the forecast of the budgetary expenditures allocated until 2070 in Romania, and finally conclusions. The article is based on information and data published by the UN, the World Health Organization, the OECD, the Council of Europe, EUROSTAT, documents of the National Institute of Statistics from Romania and so on.</p> Mariana Stanciu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1398 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Abordări privind îngrijirea de lungă durată a persoanelor vârstnice, în ţările Uniunii Europene https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1399 <p>This paper presents an analysis of the characteristics of public policies for dependent elderly people in Germany, Austria, Italy, Hungary and Portugal. The countries were selected taking into account the expertise in this field and the specifics of the socio-cultural context, so as to highlight the different solutions applied in those countries to solve certain problems related to the care of the elderly. The analysis of policies for dependents takes into account, for each country, the following: coordination of social and long-term care services; the beneficiaries and the minimum level of dependency for which it is granted, the procedure and criteria for assessing the dependency; the benefits provided (in kind and in cash); types of long-term care services providers. The analysis of this paper is based on information available in the database of the European Union - Mutual Information System on Social Protection which contains detailed and updated data on social protection systems in European countries, supplemented with information from studies, research reports conducted in within some projects financed within the Framework Program 7 of the European Commission, such as ANCIEN, MOPACT, but also public data available on the websites of the public ministries responsible with the provision of social services, as well of long-term care services for the elderly. The paper is structered as follows: the first part presents the characteristics of the policies for dependent elderly people from the selected countries, followed in the second part by a comparative analysis of the main aspects identified.</p> Mihaela Ghenţa, Aniela Matei, Luise Mladen-Macovei Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1399 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 In memoriam: Iancu Filipescu (18.04.1948–2.08.2019) https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1400 <p>The article is a tribute to our colleague Iancu Filipescu, significant and representative sociologist for the 70s generation, who passed away in August 2019. He was noticed for his intense activity in the fields of rural sociology, industrial sociology and sociology of organizations, being an outstanding researcher and an elite professor. We will always remember fondly his name.</p> Dan Banciu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1400 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 7th International Centre of Research and Information on the Public, Social and Cooperative Economy (CIRIEC) International Research Conference on Social Economy “Social and Solidarity Economy: Moving Towards a New Economic System”, Bucharest, Romania, June 6-9, 2019 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1401 <p>The 7th CIRIEC International Research Conference on Social Economy called “Social and Solidarity Economy: Moving Towards a New Economic System” was organized in Bucharest, Romania, on June 6-9, 2019. The conference gathered more than 140 paper’s presentations about social and solidarity economy in 35 parallel sessions. The paper aims to present the structure of the conference, the main topics of the parallel and of the plenary sessions.</p> Claudia Petrescu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1401 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Al XII-lea Congres Internațional de Studii Sud-Est Europene, București, 2-6 septembrie 2019, organizat sub egida Academiei Române, a Association Internationale d’Études du Sud-Est Européen (AIESEE) și a UNESCO https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1402 <p>The 12th International Congress of South-East European Studies, Political, Social and Religious Dynamics in the South-Eastern Europe, was organized by the Institute for the South-East European Studies of the Romanian Academy, in cooperation with the Association Internationale d’Études du Sud-Est européen (AIESEE) and UNESCO, between September 2 and 6, 2019. Hosted by the Faculty of Law of the University of Bucharest, by the Library of the Holy Synod and by the National Archives of Romania, the Congress has gathered over 400 specialists from over 30 countries.</p> Stelu Șerban Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1402 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 The 6th International Conference “Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches”, ESPERA 2019, 10-11th of October 2019 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1403 <p>The International Conferences ESPERA (<em>“Economic Scientific Research - Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches”</em>) are organized usually each year by “Costin C. Kirițescu” National Institute for Economic Research, in partnership with the National Bank of Romania and the Center for Economic Information and Documentation. In the last time the Proceedings of the conferences ESPERA are published by Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group. In the present review are precised details about ESPERA-2019 International Conference which took place under the title “Harnessing tangible and intangible assets in the context of European integration and globalization – Challenges ahead”.</p> Maria Livia Ștefănescu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1403 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Tendințe ale cunoașterii și dezvoltării sociale în secolul al XXI-lea, conferință internațională, Alba Iulia, România, 25-26 octombrie 2019 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1404 <p>This presentation is focus on presenting the international conference „Social Development and Territorial Intelligence” organized on October 25-26, 2019 by the Department of Social Sciences within the Faculty of Law and Social Sciences of the University „December 1, 1918” in Alba Iulia in partnership with Alba County Council and Research Institute for Quality of Life, Romanian Academy. The theme of the sixth edition was: „Trends in knowledge and social development in the 21st century”.</p> Lucian Marina, Simona Stănescu, Mihnea Preotesi Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1404 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 România la răscruce: opțiuni pentru viitor, Editura Pro Universitaria, București, 2015. Cătălin Zamfir și Iulian Stănescu (coordonatori) https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1405 <p>The collective volume <em>Romania at the crossroads: options for the future</em>, published at the Pro Universitaria publishing house in 2015, discusses the need to develop a new country project. In this context, topics of real interest for the Romanian society are proposed, such as the state functioning system, the demographic changes or the existing economic and social inequalities. The paper, coordinated by Cătălin Zamfir and Iulian Stănescu, is made up of ten chapters bringing insights from sociology, history, demography and administrative sciences. Once the coordinators` and the authors` studies are consulted, a series of possible solutions are outlined to help reduce the social risks to which Romania is facing. Therefore, the volume proves to be extremely useful to the academic environment, to the practitioners concerned with the quality of life under various dimensions and, obviously, to policy makers in the field of public policy. Of course, it also contributes to increasing the capacity of the academic environment in Romania to develop national and European strategic partnerships, in order to enhance the scientific results obtained. For all those interested, the work is available in electronic format through the Virtual Sociology Library (https://bibliotecadesociologie.ro/).</p> Simona Mihaiu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1405 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Lucian Rotariu, Jilava: O radiografie socială a unui penitenciar, Editura Ars Docendi, București, 2016, 190 p. https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1406 <p>This paper is a review of <em>Jilava: O radiografie social</em><em>ă </em><em>a unui penitenciar</em> (en. <em>Jilava: a penitentiary’s social radiography</em>) written by the sociologist PhD Lucian Rotariu. <em>Doing time</em> is a topical subject in the studies conducted by scholars from social disciplines. In his book the roles, norms, social relations and conditions observed in a Romanian prison are analyzed from a sociological perspective. Using a qualitative approach, the author interviewed 38 inmates from Bucharest-Jilava Prison. Following a <em>pointillist</em> perspective, where each social sequence has a place and time in the <em>inside</em> world, the author managed to offer an honest, equidistant and professional study for all the social actors (researchers, practitioners) interested in the prison subject.</p> Mihai Milca Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1406 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Serviciile sociale în România - stare de fapt și provocări. servicii de locuire socială, Editura Pro Universitaria, București, 2017, Manuela Sofia Stănculescu (coord.), Monica Marin, Bianca Buligescu, Georgiana Blaj (Neculau) https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1407 <p>This book review is about the publication coordinated by Stănculescu, Manuela Sofia and authored by Marin, Monica, Buligescu, Bianca and Blaj (Neculau), Georgiana, <em>Serviciile sociale în România </em>-<em> Stare de fapt şi provocări. Servicii de locuire socială</em> [<em>Social Services in Romania – Current Status and Challenges, Social Housing Services</em>], published at Pro Universitaria in 2017. The review identifies and shortly discusses the key issues highlighted by the book and indicates main aspects that could be improved in this study. The book points out a series of fundamental challenges for various types of social policy, like the problem of shared responsibilities and lack of coordination at central level, insufficient funding, the issue of responsibilities poorly implemented at local level, and the problem of the current insufficient and low quality stock of social housing. Steps forward in this book could be brought about by taking a closer look at the relevant practices at European level and by integrating a stronger echo of the needs of potential beneficiaries of social housing in Romania.</p> Cătălina Iamandi-Cioinaru Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1407 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Politically incorrect, Scenarii pentru o Românie posibilă, Vasile Sebastian Dâncu, Ediția a III-a, Editura Şcoala Ardeleană, Cluj-Napoca, 2017, 378 p. https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1408 <p>The author Vasile Sebastian Dâncu captures in his book the archetype of the 21<sup>st</sup> century Romanian, a lonely individual, alienated and unmotivated to participate in the making of a destiny. The author notes the stage of disjunction in which we find ourselves as Romanians on the road to social anomie, with a starting point with the alienation of the ties between the individual and the community. Main cause of destruction effects of the autochthonous self comes from the identity falsifying in the virtual environment, a global phenomenon that has reached Romania, especially the young generations, spiritually unprepared to face it. The psychoanalytic observations made in the book help the reader become aware of his own reality, of his own world in which he slips into an unconsciously. The exhortation of the author is the neverdying hope and that is in the hands and hearts of all, starting with the readers who are invited to browse and become aware through the pages that even under the darkest painting, Romania will survive. His message is optimistic, showing that it all starts with us and those who believe in the project of a nation tried by suffering, a people whose happiness must return home.</p> Sebastian Fitzek Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1408 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Despre fertilitatea erorilor. Imitație și inovație în învățământul superior, Robert D. Reisz, Editura Trei, București, 2018, 224 p. https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1409 <p>In his book, Robert Reisz approaches the challenging topic of the reproduction of the humboldtian and napoleonian models of higher education systems. It includes a thorough history of how these models appeared and a particularly interesting discussion about their diffusion across the world. Taking a neoinstitutional perspective, the author aims to describe the process of imitation (as a form of innovation) that is happening during the institutionalization of the models of universities in various historical, cultural and social settings. Apart from a specialists’ public – experts and academics – the book is addressing to a wide public, including any social actor involved or interested, either directly or indirectly, in the cultural and institutional settings of the formal education system.</p> Horaţiu M. Rusu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1409 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Infrastructură și societate. Considerente teoretice și studii de caz, Ovidiana Bulumac, Editura Etnologică, București, 2018 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1410 <p><em>Infrastructure and Society</em> is the fruit of more than a decade of systematic research. Pending the field of social security and social logistics, located at the border of cultural anthropology, the work is paving the way in the frontier of sociology of infrastructure. From a theoretical point of view, the quasi-absolute novelty of the work consists in the fact that the source of social solidarity is the infrastructure itself, which, in turn, before being material, is symbolic. Dr. Ovidiana Bulumac easily operates in the theoretical field, constituting interesting syntheses, with great explanatory power, such as the Kennan-Eminescu paradox, or the innovative operation in the space of social logistics with the thesis of the Romanian dimension of existence, of Mircea Vulcănescu, over which he places his theories Ernest Bernea on the symbolic functions of place, in order to arrive at the system of the mechanisms of backwardness that belong to Hirschman through the negative „linkages”, etc. Last but not least, carrying forward the thesis of Dimitrie Gusti’s cultural personality, of Rădulescu Motru’s energetic personalism, the author crystallizes a new theory, that of the role of personality in the community infrastructure, which she illustrates through the brilliant personality of the young Dumitru Brezulescu. Novaci-Gorj, the one who laid the foundations of the strongest public peasant bank, „Gilortul”, at the beginning of the 20th century. Thus, within the paradigm of forms without substance, the author operationalizes a new theory, that of the infrastructure function of the symbol, and a new methodology – that of mental cartography.</p> Radu Baltasiu Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1410 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300 Despre creierul femeii și alți demoni. Antologia textelor publicistice, Sofia Nădejde, (ediție îngrijită de Maria Cernat și Adina Mocanu) Editura Paralela 45, Pitești, 2019. https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1411 <p>This book review aims to highlight the significance of retreiving the long ignored contributions of Sofia Nădejde’s to the progress of understanding gender inequalities that are deeply rooted in our culture. Through the careful work of reshaping the original texts published between 1881-1885 in <em>Contemporanul. Revistă Științifică și Literară</em>, Maria Cernat and Adina Mocanu bring new insights into the genesis and the evolution of local feminist thought by critically situating it within the global feminist movement.</p> Ionela Vlase Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1411 Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0300