Sociologie Românească 2020-02-29T20:49:06+02:00 Sociologie Românească Open Journal Systems <p>Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology Review) is an open-access, double blind peer-reviewed review, edited by Research Institute for Quality of Life (Romanian Academy). RS welcomes original research papers with innovative methods, theoretical and conceptual research papers, case studies, book reviews and conference reviews. We encourage studies with different methodologies and theoretical approaches that could add value to already established normative ways of doing research, but also approaches that give space to alternative methodologies and critical theories. We are particularly interested in contributions focused on Eastern and Central Europe or that could sustain collaborations between scholars across borders and disciplines. Articles that include Romania in their analyses are particularly welcomed, however we are committed to expand this focus.</p> Environmental Injustices in European Climate Hotspots 2019-12-19T14:57:43+02:00 Filip Alexandrescu Ionuț-Marian Anghel Simona Stănescu Lucrina Ștefănescu Alina Pop <p>This paper starts from the observation that development projects that create various forms of environmental injustice in Europe are an integral part of the process of biospheric expulsions, that is of pushing out groups from adequate land, water or air, as described by Saskia Sassen (2014). Apart from the environmental, socio-economic and health-impacts of ecologically destructive projects, there is an added dimension of concern that has been less obvious in the past, but tends to become increasingly pronounced in a warming world. Is it possible that accumulating environmental inequalities and forms of injustice can create new and “unnatural” vulnerabilities to the projected climate change impacts? The first question that we tackle is whether environmental justice conflicts in Europe tend to take place disproportionately in climate hotspot areas, which are geographic spaces with above-average social sensitivity, potential vulnerability, potential social impact, potential environmental impacts or response capacity (ESPON, 2011). The second question concerns the distribution of different characteristics of projects and of their associated conflicts in climate hotspot vs. non-hotspot areas. The final goal is to establish, at a preliminary level, the emergence of a climate edge in Europe, a spatial configuration in which vulnerability to climate change impacts is shaped by processes of biospheric expulsion, as postulated at a general level by Sassen. For the analysis, the most current data on environmental justice conflicts (444) from the Environmental Justice Atlas and ESPON climate impact projections, mapped on the Climate Adapt platform, are used. The expected result is to provide a preliminary description of the postulated climate edge.</p> 2019-12-18T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Evaluarea nevoilor populației prin metoda normativă: România 1989-2018 2019-12-20T13:56:08+02:00 Adina Mihăilescu <p>This article analyzes some concepts to argue why the quality of life in Romania is far from what was desired in the early nineties. Its presents the normative method that helps us to validate the consumption of the population by covering at minimum the essential goods and services necessary for the individual, and his family, at home and in society. Next part presents us a dynamic of social policy measures which fluctuates the main incomes of the population in the 1990-2018 time interval, and their influence on consumption. The last part of the study concludes: what are the needs of the population and to what extent they were satisfied, or not, within the time period studied. During the period of time 1990-2018 the incomes of the various families with children and pensioners could not keep up with the price increases on the products and services on the market. This has resulted in time deterioration in the quality of life of these families. The incomes or spendings of the population provide clear and concrete situation on the quality of life of the population and thus help to take action, through socio-economic policies oriented towards the benefit of the members of those companies. Household incomes are extremely sensitive to adverse developments in the economy, as well as to the failures of the national and world markets. The gap between Romanians and other Europeans incomes is determined by differences in the level and structure of employment but also of the wage policies adopted.</p> 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Atitudinea și cunoștințele elevilor din cinci școli din Sibiu față de efectele pe termen scurt ale consumului de substanțe 2020-02-29T20:49:06+02:00 Mihai Copăceanu <p>Romania ranks 5<sup>th</sup> in the top of countries with excessive alcohol consumption. Young people are a vulnerable group. 253 young people (151 girls and 102 boys) with an average age of 16.35 years from 5 schools in Sibiu answered a 30-items questionnaire. The results demonstrated the following: students consider that drinking as a problem among them, 95% think that they can easily get alcohol anywhere, parents are permissive to the alcohol consumption by minors (74% said they know parents who allow minors to drink alcohol). Young people begin to consume alcohol at the age of 14. In this group of adolescents, beer is the most consumed drink followed by wine and vodka. The main reasons for consumption are the influence of friends, personal problems, family issues, curiosity or getting a good state. There is misconception around marijuana use. Students have knowledge of the effects of alcohol intoxication, and most have said the first solution is to communicate with parents. Punishments are still present in Romanian culture and the specialized approach is not seen as a prime solution. However, the study confirms the lack of specialized community services to assist young drug users and the inadequacy of anti-alcohol programs in the school. Finally, students who are abstinent responded that also their friends do not drink alcohol. The results may be useful to carry out further in-depth studies and develop specialist interventions to prevent alcohol and drug use among young people.</p> 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Studiu sociologic privind atitudinea tinerilor non-vegani asupra veganismului 2019-12-20T13:59:41+02:00 Katia-Maria Alaei <p>Despite the impressive increase in popularity of the vegan phenomenon in Romania, there is still a significant number of young people who are not interested to follow this alternative lifestyle. What are the reasons that determine this attitude and how are they articulated by the youth? The aim of this study is to provide an answer to the aforementioned question, having as a theoretical basis the theory of cognitive dissonance and the psychological implications of carnism. I analysed the online anti-vegan discourses in order to discover the arguments used by non-vegans; afterwards, I conducted 4 interviews in which I followed the significations and meanings of veganism and meat. The results corroborated with my initial assumption, all my interviwees being aware of the benefits, and even superiority, of veganism, at the same time formulating the reasons of not following such a lifestyle. These findings are relevant as they reflect the manner in which the social and cultural education can shape a specific behaviour and an attitude towards various lifestyles. As a result of a certain upbringing and under the influence of certain convinctions, individuals establish a dichotomy between the 'normal' and the 'abnormal' lifestyles, this structure being psychologically and behaviorally internalised.</p> 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Discourse Analysis of Health Risk Perceptions. Understanding Public Debates on Childhood Vaccination 2019-12-19T15:50:03+02:00 Georgiana Ilișanu Virginia Andrei <p>Childhood vaccination has become one of the most intensely discussed topics not alone in Romania but other European countries as well. Mass media articles, personal experiences claiming that vaccines have side effects and can even lead to autism have generated various responses among parents and determined various perceptions and assessments of the health risks. Certain groups have emerged in the middle of these confrontational debates: there are those who resist vaccination, advocating that they inflict sufferance on children. Yet others who refuse vaccines because they fear the unknown, along with those who have not made a decision and still search for medical opinion, and those who insist upon gathering more information before deciding whether to get their children immunized etc. Each of these groups perceives and defines the risk in a different way. A discourse analysis of the comments and posts identified on various online platforms from Romania revealed the fact that the individuals who resist vaccination reframe the risk as unknown, while calling for a more informed decision from parents. These individuals do not bring any logical, practical, or scientific argument in order to support their position. Some of them even consider that a mandatory vaccination policy is a characteristic of a totalitarian state thus infringing upon the right of the population to free choice. Another result of our analysis is the fact that the majority of the online debaters tend to perceive the risk of non-vaccination as bigger than the one of vaccination.</p> 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Cum ne guvernăm singuri: analiza instituțiilor implicate în procesul de construcție a subiecților neoliberali în România 2019-12-20T14:00:38+02:00 Elena Trifan <p>In this article I will present who the main actors involved in the process of construction of neoliberal subjects in Romania are. The process of restructuring the economic model of Romania, during the 90s, has brought about many social changes, such as the flexibility of labour relationships, the growth of the service sector or the commodification of education and health. Concomitantly with the global transformations – globalization and automation – by the end of 2000s, it determined the emergence of a new type of activity in the socio-economic environment that is personal development. This analysis aims to present a practical application of the concept of governmentality developed by Michel Foucault, drawing from the prerequisite that the practice of personal development becomes a tool for the construction of subjects, the direction of the construction being given by the type of social and economic context of the study period, which in the article I call neoliberalism. Thus, I will describe how this practice has come to be embraced by many neoliberal actors involved in citizens' forming process – education, the media, the church and the non-governmental sector. The article is the result of an ethnographic approach, in which I used interviews, discourse analysis and content analysis, conducted between 2011 and 2016, mostly in Bucharest.</p> 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească City Rituals, a 13-a conferință a grupului de lucru „Anul ritual” (Societatea Internațională de Etnologie și Folclor – SIEF), București, 7-9 noiembrie 2018 2019-12-20T14:02:04+02:00 Andreea Nicolaescu 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Social Work International Conference (SWIC) 2018 “The Challenges of Glocal Social Work Education, Practice and Research”, third edition, Bucharest, November 8th-9th, 2018 2019-12-19T18:52:11+02:00 Daniela Gaba Anca Mihai 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească România socială 1918-2018. Contribuții ale ICCV la cunoașterea societății românești 2019-12-20T14:03:00+02:00 Alexandra Deliu Ciprian Tudor 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Conferința națională „Devianță și criminalitate. Evoluție. Tendințe. Perspective. DECRET – 2018”, Bacău, 22-23 noiembrie 2018 2019-12-20T14:03:29+02:00 Radu Năforniță 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Conferința Anuală a Cercetării în Sociologie și Asistență Socială - ULBS 2018 2019-12-20T14:04:06+02:00 Alin Croitoru 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Profesorul Ioan Mihăilescu ar fi împlinit anul acesta 70 de ani 2019-12-20T14:07:10+02:00 Septimiu Chelcea 2019-12-19T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Profesorul Achim Mihu: cu umbre, dar mai ales cu foarte multă lumină 2019-12-20T14:38:23+02:00 Adrian Hatos 2019-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Asistența socială în România după 25 de ani: răspuns la problemele tranziției (texte selectate), Editura Eikon, Cluj-Napoca, 2015, 498 p. Elena Zamfir, Simona Maria Stănescu și Daniel Arpinte (coordonatori) 2019-12-20T20:22:26+02:00 Mădălina Hideg 2019-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească The Midas Touch. Theoretical Essays in Environmental Sociology, Pro Universitaria, București, 2016, 133 p. Filip M. Alexandrescu 2019-12-20T20:20:43+02:00 Ionuț-Marian Anghel 2019-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Clasă și educație. Inegalitate și reproducere socială în învățământul românesc, Editura Pro Universitaria, București, 2018, 263 p. Sebastian Țoc 2019-12-20T20:19:15+02:00 Gabriel-Constantin Nicola 2019-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească The Left and Romania’s Social Agenda, Tritonic Publishing House, Bucharest, 2018. Mihai Caradaica and Victoria Stoiciu (coordinators) 2019-12-20T20:17:25+02:00 Șerban-Costin Crețu <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Porumbacu (ediţie îngrijită de Irina Stahl) Editura Vremea, București, 2018, 184 p. Henri Stahl 2019-12-20T20:13:55+02:00 Mihnea Preotesi 2019-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Psihologia socială și dinamica personalității. Acumulări, sinteze, perspective, Editura Polirom, Iași, 2019. Alin Gavreliuc 2019-12-20T19:45:51+02:00 Septimiu Chelcea 2019-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Imaginea etnicilor germani la românii din Transilvania după 1918, vol. Județul Sibiu, 322 p., vol. Județul Hunedoara, 290 p., vol. Județul Alba, 286 p., Editura Cetatea de Scaun, Târgovişte, 2019. Cosmin Budeancă (editor) 2019-12-20T20:08:56+02:00 Antonio Momoc 2019-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească