Sociologie Românească http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr <p>Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology Review) is the official journal of the Romanian Sociological Association. First established in 1936, by the renowned (Romanian) scholar Dimitrie Gusti, the founder of the Sociological School of Bucharest, the Romanian Sociology Review is dedicated to promoting sociological knowledge and inquiry related to a broad-range of social processes. Covering different topics and domains, including social change, social development, social history, social policy, demography, gender studies, political issues, social inequalities, education, organization &amp; labour studies, criminology and migration studies, the review’s focus is oriented towards (but not limited to) empirical research from a sociological and historical approach.<br>Sociologie Românească is published under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</a> (CC BY 4.0) license.</p> <p>ISSN 1220-5389<br>E-ISSN 2668-1455</p> Asociația Română de Sociologie en-US Sociologie Românească 1220-5389 Tranziția inechitabilă către sistemul liceal. Studiu de caz: admiterea la liceu în București, România http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1732 <p>The main objective of this article is to analyze the interaction between the principle of proximity in the enrollment process to primary school and the high school admission mechanism from an educational equity perspective. Specifically, I conduct a case study in which I analyze how the type of school graduated by a student in Bucharest influences the type of high school at which she will be admitted, given the present system of allocation. As such, I am interested in identifying the extent to which the school where the student is enrolled (when parents, theoretically cannot choose, as it is dependent on the street where they reside) can represent an explanatory factor for the probability to be admitted at a particular high school (a stage when parents and students can manifest their preferences for a school/specialization).</p> Andreea Gheba Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-25 2021-11-25 19 2 9 44 10.33788/sr.19.2.1 Appreciative Case Management: Using the Social Constructionism in Social Intervention http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1733 <p>The article presents a research in the field of case management, experiencing two forms of it: problem-centered case and appreciative case management. For this, an experiment carried out on a six-month period, during which time we verified the results obtained by applying two different supervision models, problem-oriented supervision and appreciative supervision. Based on parallel process, the case management was changed. For this experiment ten cases were identified with various degrees of risk in child abandonment. When the appreciative case management was applied, the studied cases showed better results compared to the cases that were managed based on problem. In the case of services aimed at preventing child abandonment, it can be seen that the classical intervention focused on problem, lasting less than three months, has no positive effect on the clients’ situation. This practically means that in such circumstances, the financial, human and material resources used for an intervention that lasts less than three months are wasted without significant results. The appreciative case management produces tangible results after a shorter period of time by comparison to the classical intervention. This can be seen in the results obtained within the experiment, which are due to the use of the appreciative approach in intervention. Focusing on problems in social work and the attempt to solve them may sometimes not result in their resolution; the orientation towards identifying deficiencies and dysfunctionalities yields poorer results than the appreciative intervention and preserves the problem.</p> Ștefan Cojocaru Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-25 2021-11-25 19 2 45 68 10.33788/sr.19.2.2 Croyance et scepticisme. Les justifications religieuses de l’hésitation à la vaccination et du climato-scepticisme http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1734 <p>This theoretical article approaches Christian religious denominations within which skeptical arguments with regard to vaccination and climate change are developed. These two types of skeptical positioning towards science are rooted in postmodernity, and manifest themselves as similar phenomena. Religion, as a social institution, fulfills the need for meaning, community, and responds to uncertainties generated by science developments. By conducting a thematic synthesis of previous literature, I identify analytical themes that capture the theoretical approaches on religiosity as a justification resource for vaccine hesitancy and climate change denial. These two types of science skepticism are supported and encouraged by some religious actors, who provide discursive resources anchored in interpretations of religious dogma. The knowledge deficit model, which is largely used for information campaigns on vaccination and climate change, impedes the understanding of the role of socio-cultural resources, such as religiosity, in popularizing science skepticism, and distorts knowledge of this social phenomenon. Understanding the social construction of skeptical positions towards science, as well as the institutional role of religion, contributes to better public communication on scientific topics. Despite religious arguments for vaccine refusal and exploitation of the natural environment, religiosity can also sustain pro-scientific views. Crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic and the climate crisis have the potential to provide avenues for transcending the religion vs. science antagonism, by involving religious leaders in promoting scientific information and scientific products, such as vaccination.</p> Simona-Nicoleta Vulpe Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-25 2021-11-25 19 2 69 88 10.33788/sr.19.2.3 Generațiile X, Y și Z pe piața muncii. Caracteristici specifice, strategii de implicare în învățarea activă și abordări ale relației managerilor cu angajații http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1735 <p>The article describes the main characteristics of some age groups known as Generations X, Y, Z. It’s main aim consists of analyzing these generations’ characteristics in relation to the labour market. Also, on the basis of these characteristics, we set out the most efficient strategies of how to engage members of Generation Y and Z in active learning and what leadership and management they wish to find at their jobs. Digital natives, both Generation Y and Generation Z members want dynamic jobs, preferring professional autonomy and need constant growth. The information they get has to be applicable in real life, trainers have to be mentors and guides and teaching-learning methods have to combine technologies and interactive style. Managers should be their models, inspirational people, they should implement a free and flexible management style, be daily close to employees, always give feedback and create technological and collaborative working spaces.</p> Sergiu-Lucian Raiu Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 89 121 10.33788/sr.19.2.4 Rentabilitatea socială și economică a măsurilor alternative detenției față în față cu vizibilitatea sistemului național de probațiune din România http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1736 <p>20 years after the issue of Ordonnance 92/2000 which was establishing the need to provide services for the social reintegration of offenders and supervision for non-custodial sanctions, called from 2006 probation services, a national study was carried out on the visibility of probation system among citizens. The respondents were all the probation services Chiefs in the country and their opinion confirmed the hypothesis that the National Probation System, ignoring the recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of European Council, don't have a promoting strategy nither the concern for creating a recognizable image among the other actors involved in the justice act. Consequently, the field has so far failed to gain full consideration within the Romanian Criminal Justice System and visibility among citizens, although after 2014 when the New Criminal Code started to be applied, the number of offenders attended by probation services was tripled and the staff's attributions war extended. The article is structured in two parallel planes, first showing the social and economic benefits of alternative detention measures supervised by probation services in the light of the costs of incarceration and the second showing the unfair lack of visibility of these benefits and the unknown activity carried out by probation counselors for the social reintegration of offenders.</p> Dana Obrinteschi Cătălin Boboc Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 122 148 10.33788/sr.19.2.5 Strategii de supraviețuire a Școlii Gustiene în perioada 1939-1948 http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1737 <p>This article presents and analyzes the survival strategies of the Gusti School during 1939-1948. The specialized literature includes consistent information about the Gusti School, the monographs and research carried out, the School’s publications and the institutions in which the members of the Gusti School have been active. However, this article points out the important moments of the gustist activity after 1939, as forms of survival, through the documentary analysis of the texts published at that time, the documents of the Romanian Academy, as well as the subsequent sociological materials. An important part of the actions that indicate a certain type of strategy were extracted: journalism, the insistence to increase the sociological activity, even in conditions of war or the work carried out in different administrative positions. How was the activity of the Gusti School viewed after 1939 and what were the survival strategies? What were the main methods and strategies for promoting the Gusti School? In what (emergency) formula did the student teams continue their work? Is it possible to research in a time of war? Answering all these questions, we conclude that during 1939-1948, despite oppressive actions and purges targeting the Gusti School, its representatives managed to impose themselves, continuing the work to the limit allowed by the given political situations.</p> Gabriela Cătălina Danciu Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 149 170 10.33788/sr.19.2.6 Oportunități de optimizare a serviciilor socioeducaționale de sprijin accesibile elevilor cu dificultăți de învățare în ciclul primar http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1738 <p>In Romania, since 1989, new trends have emerged in terms of transforming the educational system, so that it becomes accessible to all and offers equal opportunities for the beneficiaries of education. The aim of this research is to provide a multidimensional image of the socio-educational support environment accessible to students with learning difficulties/specific learning disabilities integrated in mainstream primary education in Oradea, from the perspective of the information, opinions and visions provided by primary education teachers and special pedagogues. The <em>questionnaire</em> based survey conducted among teachers in mainstream education allowed to obtain an overview of the issues analyzed in terms of opinions and evaluations. The <em>focus group interview </em>with participation of expert stakeholders aimed to obtain information from the social actors involved through their expertise and/or professional activity in the educational inclusion of students with learning difficulties. The overall picture of the research denotes that schools can provide specialized educational services for students in need, with only a small minority of schools not having the necessary conditions to provide these services. However, the research also shows that due to lack of knowledge or motivation, a significant share of the surveyed teachers do not use the various compensatory measures put forward in the national methodological recommendations that would contribute to improving students' chances. Primary school teachers would need, in this regard, to gain more expert knowledge from innovative models, experiences and good practices in the field.</p> Rita Orban Gavril Flora Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 171 191 10.33788/sr.19.2.7 Postsocialismul: evoluție conceptuală și perspective viitoare. O analiză critică http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1739 <p>Burawoy (1999), Eyal (2001), Berdahl (2006), Cervinkova (2012) and others have proposed the concept of „postsocialism” as a way of describing the gap between socialism and capitalism. But, in a world marked by “rearrangements, reconfigurations and recombinations that yield new interweavings of the multiple social logics” (Stark, &amp; Bruszt, 1998) what does postsocialism entail? This article aims to provide an overview of the different perspectives regarding the meaning of postsocialism, by bringing together and examining ideas represented in the theoretical literature. Starting from the idea of reframing the understanding of the past, this analysis explores postsocialism, as a process, from four perspectives: imitation, involution, emergence or zombie socialism. The critique serves as a starting point for future directions in postsocialism conceptualisations, in order to better understand the present based on the past.</p> Cosmina Elena Mihalcea Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 192 216 10.33788/sr.19.2.8 Discurs 21.04.2021, 12.00: Premiul de Excelență al Asociației Române de Sociologie (ARS) pentru lucrarea Capitalul în România postcomunistă, Editura Academiei Române, 2018 http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1740 <p>As early as the dawn of modern age, Benjamin Constant (1819) wrote that the current democracy, unlike the ancient one, based on slavery and perpetual wars, is based on capital, while Braudel (1979) shows that capitalism as a concept could not exist without the other concepts preceding it in the sequence they occur in society, i.e. capital and capitalist. Therefore, I regarded capital, meaning the foundation of both democracy and capitalism, as a particularly challenging object of study from the standpoint of its formation, development, location in the economy and ownership in post-communist Romania. I deem the amount, quality, origin and behaviour of capital are pivotal for a solid democracy and an efficient functioning of capitalist market economy in our country. The book <em>Capital in post-communist Romania</em>, based on long data series, may cast a historical perspective on the economic and social phenomena and processes under scrutiny. They are meant to help devise and implement public policies for making the objectively necessary corrections to the Romanian society after such an intricate transition, as well as to prepare the actions for securing Romania’s future development. I viewed this scientific endeavour as useful after identifying a shortage of information and, against this backdrop, of analysis on economic and social results of Romania’s transition, also by comparison with other former communist countries.</p> Florin Georgescu Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 217 228 10.33788/sr.19.2.9 O carieră internațională cu rădăcini în școala gustiană. Acad. Mihail M. Cernea la 90 de ani http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1746 <p>Sociologist Michael M. Cernea, after a successful professional career in Romania, his native country, continued his work at the World Bank, in Washington, starting in 1974. He founded the department of sociology and influenced the perspective on social security within the Bank. Cernea was awarded the Bronisław Malinowski and Solon T. Kimball prizes for his scientific achievements, and he was elected member of the Romanian Academy. He is considered one of the most important thinkers in the fields of sociology of development and applied anthropology.</p> Zoltán Rostás Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 229 234 10.33788/sr.19.2.10 Henri H. Stahl La 120 de ani de la naștere http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1741 <p>This paper was written on the occasion of 120 years anniversary since Professor Henry H. Stahl’s birthday. A member of the Sociological School in Bucharest (founded by Dimitrie Gusti), H.H. Stahl became the most important and original Romanian sociologist and historian of the last century. Despite this, the author of the paper emphasizes that his life and activity are not sufficiently known. For this reason, the homage of this scientist must be the beginning of new research.</p> Zoltán Rostás Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 235 242 10.33788/sr.19.2.11 O carte despre o „moștenire”: „In honorem Sanda Golopenția”, Editura Spandugino, București, 2020. Zoltán Rostás și Theodora-Eliza Văcărescu (editori) http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1742 <p>This essay tries to capture the essential aspects highlighted by the 50 authors whose the texts are included in the anniversary publication “<em>In honorem </em>Sanda Golopentia”. The authors, who are experts in their respective scientific fields, are addressing the complex work of Sanda Golopentia, whose oeuvre spans six decades and consists of studies of sociology, linguistics, theatre, ethnology and autobiographical testimonies, and which is considered to have “a comfortingly consistent and durable presence within Romanian culture”.</p> Ștefan Ungurean Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 243 252 10.33788/sr.19.2.12 Calitatea vieții persoanelor vârstnice dependente în România. Editura Universitară, București, 2020. Mihaela Ghența, Aniela Matei, Luise Mladen-Macovei, Elen-Silvana Bobârnat http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1743 <p>The book <em>Quality of Life of Old Dependent People in Romania </em>presents a part of the research results obtained during 2018-2020 in the research project with the same name. In the context of a pronounced process of population ageing and raising needs of social services for old people, the publication of this volume becomes very important. The book contains a comprehensive review of the literature regarding quality of life in old age, the results obtained during the research on old dependent people in Romania and measures of social policy developed in the process of consultation of experts in the field using the Policy Delphi method.</p> Cosmina-Elena Pop Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 253 258 10.33788/sr.19.2.13 Psihosociologia publicității. Despre reclamele vizuale. Editura Pro Universitaria, București, 2021. Septimiu Chelcea http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1744 <p>This publication follows nearly a decade of a second edition of the book entitled: „The Psychosociology of Advertising. About visual aids”. Today, when it comes to visual advertising, a revision of the text is required. The pace of knowledge in all fields is accelerating: new theories are constantly emerging, hypotheses are being put forward and a wealth of observational facts and results of scientific experiments is being disseminated through books and journals in print and online. It is nearly impossible for any single human being to understand the universe of knowledge. What we can expect is to get as clear a picture as possible of our area of research, but never a complete understanding of it.</p> Sebastian Fitzek Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 259 262 10.33788//sr.19.2.14 Eroismul cultural: Mihail Manoilescu. Pe marginea lucrării lui Pantelimon, Cristi, Mihail Manoilescu. Doctrina corporatistă. Oscar Print, București, 2021 http://revistasociologieromaneasca.ro/sr/article/view/1745 <p>This is an essay focused on the Cristi Pantelimon’s <em>Mihail Manoilescu. Doctrina corporatistă</em> [Mihail Manoilescu. The Corporative Doctrine], Oscar Print, Bucharest, 2021.<br>Dr. Pantelimon's book is a witness to our times: it refers to an essential work at a critical moment. Dr. Pantelimon provides us with an almost complete synthesis of the omnia work of the great economist, sociologist, publicist, engineer, and politician, finally, the great Romanian, Mihail Manoilescu. Why is the work in question so important? Because it is a reality management technique, without which we will not be able to make the leap from the orbit of underdevelopment to that of development. The study is focused on the chapter structure as well the metastructure of the book – the main ideas and concepts of the overall Manoilescu’s work. We shall discuss on protectionism, corporatism, autarchy, orthodoxy and corporatism etc.</p> Radu Baltasiu Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 19 2 263 273 10.33788/sr.19.2.15