Sociologie Românească 2021-05-20T14:29:48+03:00 Sociologie Românească Open Journal Systems <p>Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology Review) is the official journal of the Romanian Sociological Association. First established in 1936, by the renowned (Romanian) scholar Dimitrie Gusti, the founder of the Sociological School of Bucharest, the Romanian Sociology Review is dedicated to promoting sociological knowledge and inquiry related to a broad-range of social processes. Covering different topics and domains, including social change, social development, social history, social policy, demography, gender studies, political issues, social inequalities, education, organization &amp; labour studies, criminology and migration studies, the review’s focus is oriented towards (but not limited to) empirical research from a sociological and historical approach.<br>Sociologie Românească is published under <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</a> (CC BY 4.0) license.</p> <p>ISSN 1220-5389<br>E-ISSN 2668-1455</p> How good or bad was the Romanian strategy of transition 2021-05-18T14:29:11+03:00 Cătălin Zamfir <p>Romania’s performances over the past 30 years are not impressive. The economy displays dramatic crises and modest increases, though there were years of important growth. The country faces unsolved chronic crises: agriculture and industry are in a state of confusion, lacking a strategic vision; underdeveloped public functions are facing severe social issues. Demographic decline, underemployment, and poverty are far from being significantly reduced. Also, the political factor, supposed to be the engine of development, seems to be locked in conflicts for power that express actually the lack of vision. The article argues that more than ever, Romania is at a crossroads. We enter inevitably into a new stage of our history. We might continue on the path we engaged on up to now, but the future does not seem by far the one we wish for. Or, we need rather to disengage from the process that kept us in a bottleneck and put forward a new vision, new options, and democratic-led decisions. In brief, a program for the social and economic development of the country. The article concludes that in order to surpass the current crisis a new model of social-economic development of the country should be enhanced, ensuring prosperity for the whole population.</p> 2021-05-18T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Narrative identity as a bridge between two historical models of identity: a sociologist’s perspective 2021-05-18T14:29:11+03:00 Zsuzsanna Bögre <p>The current concepts of identity widespread throughout social sciences are basically linked to two historical models. One is connected to psychology, while the other is related to sociology. In psychology, the concept of identity is traditionally considered to come from the work of Erik Erikson, who considers that identity is to be found in the deep structure of personality. Erikson studies the development of identity. He attributes central importance to the question of man’s inner unity. In sociology, the concept of identity is usually linked to George Herbert Mead, who traces identity back to interaction between the individual and society. According to this, identity is shaped by social conventions, which can be conveyed by a profession, a role or a social situation. As those constantly undergo change, the individual’s identity is continuously changing as well. Erikson’s is regarded as an essentialist approach, whereas Mead’s is called a constructivist one. The problem is not that there are differences between these two historical models, but that their adherents never or hardly ever reflect upon each other’s views. A solution to this problem could be offered through the concept of narrative identity, to which the author of this study attributes a bridging role, due to the recent appearance of several new theories which consciously undertake to “reconcile” the two historical models (“the double track”). The present study starts by describing the development and deepening of the current chasm between the two historical models. Next, it outlines several theories of narrative identity which are becoming increasingly popular both in sociology and in psychology. While the influence of the two historical models can also be detected in the theories of narrative identity, they make a perceivable effort to play a bridging role. If sociology wants to use narratives as sources in the research of identity, it should take into account the fact that the individual is striving to reach a kind of inner identity and stability even in late modern circumstances. Likewise, if narratives are to be used for research in psychology, it must be acknowledged that social circumstances in our modern world are extremely changeable, which hinders the formation of a stable, inner identity core. I suggest that that narrative identity started to be seen as bridge. In sociology, no reflection upon this process has begun yet. The aim of this study is to articulate the problem and to promote further reflection in sociology and psychology as well.</p> 2021-05-18T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Dezinformarea în era digitală. Concepte și abordări 2021-05-18T14:29:11+03:00 Bogdan Oprea <p>This article presents a review of the definitions for the concept of disinformation/misinformation which are used in the perspective of digital communication. At a time when words like disinformation, manipulation, propaganda, influence, persuasion, fake news are used more and more often, it is necessary to clarify their conceptual framework. The paper reviews the classic literature on the concept of disinformation/misinformation, but also the definitions that state structures and organizations (such as the European Commission) and social platforms (such as Facebook) give to this concept. It presents the relationships that various theorists identified between disinformation/misinformation, on the one hand, and influence, persuasion, lies, intoxication and manipulation, on the other hand. The paper also reviews the origins of the term and the etymological problems it imposes in languages such as French and Romanian. The article concludes that among researchers in the field of online disinformation there is need for a clear delimitation of the concept of disinformation (intentionally made) from the concept of misinformation (unintentionally made) in order to have an appropriate conceptual framework of phenomena that occur especially in the digital media and online social networks. This imperative lies more in the languages that do not use different terms to define the two concepts. Therefore, the use of traditional concepts should be carefully considered in reference with the digital media.</p> 2021-05-18T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Determinanți ai excluziunii sociale în rândul persoanelor vârstnice 2021-05-18T14:29:10+03:00 Mihaela Ghenţa Elen-Silvana Bobârnat <p>The paper presents the results of a qualitative research conducted among providers of social and socio-medical services for older persons. The research objectives were to collect opinions with regard to the societal transformations that constitute risk factors for the social inclusion of the elderly; to identify the dimensions of social inclusion of the elderly in Romania most impacted by the societal transformations, as well as measures and actions that could counter acting the negative effects of social exclusion of the elderly. Data collection included semi-structured interviews with experts from social and health care services providers. Technological transformations, the ageing phenomenon, the migration, the negative perceptions regarding the elderly population; the uneven development of urban areas compared to rural areas, are most likely to influence the social exclusion of older persons. Participation in cultural, sports, and voluntary activities, access to appropriate social and health care services and housing conditions may lead to a better social inclusion.</p> 2021-05-18T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Analiza sociodemografică a fenomenului îmbătrânirii populației cu implicații asupra sistemului românesc de pensii 2021-05-19T14:02:19+03:00 Georgiana Virginia Bonea <p>The first part of the study has as it’s main objective to expose a brief socio-demographic analysis on the problem of aging population, both in Romania and in other European Union countries. The second part of the study follows the implications that the aging population phenomenon has on the Romanian state pension system. Also, the paper proposes an investigation of the risks to which the population aged 65 years and over is exposed in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, based on specific comorbidities. To form an overview of these aspects, it will be used secondary data research, with information from public institutions such as: the National Institute of Statistics; Ministry of Internal Affairs; National House of Public Pensions; The Government of Romania; Financial Supervisory Authority; Eurostat; World Health Organization; United Nations Organization; Organization for Economic Co-operationand Development; as well as specific legislation and updated specialized literature. The last part of the study offers a series of conclusions which will result in several general solutions to the aging population problem.</p> 2021-05-18T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Which one to trust? Exploratory analysis on astrology, science and religiosity among students in Bucharest 2021-05-18T14:29:09+03:00 Dragoș Obreja <p>Confidence in astrology remains a visible phenomenon in contemporary society, and this is a constant topic of academic interest. A survey based on 512 valid questionnaires were obtained from a non-probability sample of university students from Bucharest, in order to observe possible statistical relations between confidence in astrology, confidence in sciences such as medicine and mathematics, but also fields such as astronomy and horoscope. On the other hand, several statements have been used to measure the level of religiosity. Notable is the moderate positive correlation obtained between astrology and astronomy, but also the strong correlation between astrology and horoscope (this last correlation was expected). Broadly speaking, it is observed that astrology correlates positively with the variables that constitute the ‘inward’ component of religiosity, while the ‘outward’ component shows a rather negative correlation, but which does not enjoy a similar statistical significance. Astronomy, like medicine, outlines negative relation with the level of religiosity. Instead, the correlations that involve trust in medicine have a negative and moderate value, in relation to religiosity. In conclusion, it is observed that the trust in “strong sciences” generates more prompt correlations compared to the trust in astrology, while further studies are needed to clarify the reasons for such uncertain correlations between astrology and religiosity.</p> 2021-05-18T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Fake news as a social phenomenon in the digital age: a sociological research agenda 2021-05-19T14:29:25+03:00 Gabriel-Alexandru Toma <p>This paper proposes a sociological research agenda for analysing the spreading mechanisms of misinformation in contemporary society. The contemporary fake news phenomenon is approached as an emergent outcome of inter-related technological, economic, socio-cultural and political factors that have made society vulnerable to misinformation. Those factors are understood as generators of various social dynamics rather than as direct causal determinants. In order to better acknowledge the conditions under which fake news is propagated and legitimated in digital society, news should be approached not only as a commodity that functions in a market-driven economy, but also as a social institution that regulates political discourse and public debate. Based on these considerations, the conclusions support the necessity of a more prominent sociological focus on media studies, which could build awareness of the performative role of language in the context of technologically mediated realities.</p> 2021-05-18T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Utilizarea tehnologiei informației și comunicării de către copiii din România. Sinteze teoretice 2021-05-19T14:29:25+03:00 Mirela-Lăcrimioara Cosma <p>To understand the effects of the pandemic on research in a particular field, we need to review the existing literature in that field up to the pandemic period. In this sense, I have synthesized the existing Romanian literature in the field of digital division among children in Romania. The results of this literary synthesis confirm an acute lack of Romanian data and research in this field. The pandemic has required in-depth research in this area, and the interests of researchers in the effects of digital technology on children/young people, have become imperative in all areas, especially education.</p> 2021-05-18T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Politica de securitate națională a României 1990-2020 2021-05-19T14:29:24+03:00 Alexandra-Iulia Băloi <p>Security is a complex, multi-dimensional approach context. In broad terms, it represents the ability to protect its citizens. The sole holder of the legitimate right to use intra-state and inter-state force is obliged through the consequence and expression of its sovereignty to protect and guarantee its citizens’ rights and freedoms and ensure the conditions for the exercise of their rights and freedoms. After the dissolution of the communist political and military bloc, security develops as a global concept that tends to include traditional political and military dimensions, new dimensions, such as economic, energy or security, individual rights, and freedoms. This study addresses Romania’s security policy, its evolution after 1990 and until now. The paper aims to highlight Romania’s position as a territory and its role in the regional context regarding security. Its statute as a NATO and E.U. member, and strategic partner of the United States, determined a permanent update of its security policy and proposed objectives, correlated with those of the entities to which it belongs. From the point of view of security policy, Romania has an important geostrategic role and can stand out as a regional leader due to the threats it could be subjected to. The study will highlight that its security policy provides many benefits for the country’s citizens and its institutions.</p> 2021-05-18T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Between liberty and control: citizens’ attitudes towards Romanian state surveillance 2021-05-19T20:53:27+03:00 Paul Tap <p>Surveillance was extensively analyzed in the literature from multiple standpoints. Some studies looked to the temporal development of surveillance, while others analyzed the traditional theories that influenced many of the contemporary surveillance studies. All these studies define surveillance as an activity that is ubiquitous and performed globally, by multiple private and public institutions, through the involvement of specific technologies. However, little attention was paid to the perceptions of citizens about surveillance. This article addresses this gap in the literature and analyses how state surveillance is perceived by the Romanian citizens according to the socio-demographic factors (i.e., age, education, income, gender and medium of residence). The aim of the study is to explain how socio-demographic factors influence the acceptance of state surveillance. It also controls for the left-right self-placement, and the use of Facebook as source of information. The statistical analysis uses individual level data from an original survey conducted between October-November 2020. The survey was completed by 1,140 respondents, and the article uses correlation and linear regression to analyze the data. The findings illustrate that the acceptance of state surveillance is influenced by the gender, level of education and medium of residence of the individuals. The age and income of the citizens have no effect on the acceptance of state surveillance.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Florin Georgescu: A New Outlook on Romanian Capitalism 2021-05-19T14:29:23+03:00 Iulian Stănescu <p>In 2021, the Romanian Sociological Association awarded economist Florin Georgescu its Award for Excellence. This essay covers the author’s magnum opus, titled <em>Capital in Post-communist Romania</em>, and focuses on the content most relevant to sociology. Unique in size and scope, the approximate 1,000 page three-volume book features three books in one: a 30-year economic history of Romania, a critical analysis of the way the Romanian capitalist economy developed in the second half of the 2010s, and a blueprint for structural reforms to foster development and reduce inequality. The essay includes a short author presentation and an overall review of the book’s contents, an appraisal of the work’s style and originality, and a review of the themes and subjects most salient for sociologists: capital ‒ labour relationship and the distribution and redistribution system, income and wealth inequality, precarious work, the transition and privatisation processes, structural problems of capitalism, and development policies.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Relieful lumii interbelice. „Marginal și experimental. Cooperativa Gusti: două decenii de cercetare în istoria sociologiei”, Editura Eikon, București, 2020. Coordonatori: Ionuț Butoi, Martin Ladislau Salamon 2021-05-20T14:29:48+03:00 Mihai Maci <p>The advent of a new collection of studies dedicated to the „Gusti Cooperative” is an opportunity to recall the ways of referring to our rural world and its research. For a long time the predominance of these referrings have been represented by the ideational sublimination of the so-called visions/mythology, witch is nothing else but resuming romantic themes in today’s world. The investigations of the relief an the detail structure of a complex view, whose diversity and openness are revealed as the study progress, is much more discreet. This is what the team coordonated by Professor Zoltán Rostás does, which marks two decades of existence with this book.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească In memoriam Cornel Constantinescu (12.07.1953-17.12.2020) 2021-05-20T14:29:48+03:00 Septimiu Chelcea <p>Professor Cornel Constantinescu was the vice-president of the Romanian Sociological Association and Associated University Professor at Pitești University, Department of Socio-human Sciences. Professor Cornel Constantinescu initiated the publication of the Scientific Bulletin. The Socio-Human Sciences series and the ten volumes from the “Sociological Profiles” collection of the University of Pitești Publishing House, in which texts of eminent sociologists from the past, such as Dimitrie Gusti, Traian Herseni and Vasile V. Caramelea, were capitalized.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească The 7th international conference “Economic scientific research – theoretical, empirical and practical approaches”, Espera 2020, 26-27th of November 2020 2021-05-20T14:29:47+03:00 Adina Mihăilescu <p>The International Conference ESPERA (“Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches”) is organized by “Costin C. Kirițescu” National Institute for Economic Research in partnership with the National Bank of Romania and the Center for Economic Information and Documentation, yearly since 2013. On the 26th and 27th of November 2020 in Bucharest, the Romanian Academy hosted the 7th edition of the ESPERA international conference, which took place under the title “30 Years of Inspiring Academic Economic Research – From the Transition to Market Economy to the Interlinked Crises of 21 Century”. This year, the Proceedings of the conferences ESPERA are published by EBSCO, in view of the evaluation and inclusion in Conference Proceedings Citation Index by Clarivate, Web of Science.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Sociologi români de azi: generații, instituții și personalități, Editura Academiei Române, București, 2016. Dumitru Otovescu 2021-05-20T14:29:47+03:00 Robert Prodanciuc <p>In the first part of this review, I describe the concepts used in the book. Next, the paper follows the four periods of institutionalization and evolution of national sociological thinking from a historical and didactic perspective. Each period is characterized by the contributions of its representative authors. In another chapter, the author describes the teaching staff and the graduates from the Faculty of Philosophy, specialization Sociology at the University of Bucharest. Finally, a gallery of sociologists with their achievements is presented. This review captures the value and usefulness of the book for understanding the history of Romanian sociological thinking.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Culturalizare în uniformă. Articole și documente privind Legea Serviciului Social 1938-1939. Antologie de Zoltán Rostás și Dragoș Sdrobiș. Prefață de Zoltán Rostás, postfață de Dragoș Sdrobiș. Editura Paideia, București, 2017 2021-05-20T14:29:47+03:00 Maria Larionescu <p>The volume includes an anthology of studies, laws, documents, investigations, and discourses concerning “social engineering” and the young student population, aiming to clarify multiple misunderstandings and myths concerning the Social Service Law, 1938, both from the respective historical period and from recent debates. To this purpose, authors employ a triple strategy of clarifying this piece of legislation: 1) an analysis of the Euro-Atlantic and national contexts of the interbellum period that frames the social service initiatives; 2) connecting the Law to the great public debates of the XIXth century, concerning the life of peasants in the context of village modernization; 3) integrating the experiences of cultural work in villages in the broader, comprehensive vision of the Sociological School of Bucharest, specifying them as a deepening of village modernization on four dimensions: culture of work, of health, of mind and of soul.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Demografia României, Editura Academiei Române, București, 2018. Vasile Ghețău (coord.) 2021-05-20T14:29:46+03:00 Mădălina Elena Manea <p>The purpose of this review is to emphasize the usefulness of reading Demografia României [The Demography of Romania] not only for demographers but also for specialists from other areas who are interested in population studies. The book contains an extensive analysis of more than 100 years of demographic phenomena and processes, being an excellent example of how to work with quantitative data in general and demographic data in particular.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Social Policies in Romania after 30 Years. Expectations and Answers, Publishing House of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest, 2020. Edited by Elena Zamfir, Mălina Voicu, Simona Maria Stănescu 2021-05-20T14:29:46+03:00 Filip Alexandrescu <p>Excerpt from the book review: Social Policies in Romania after 30 Years: Expectations and Answers is the latest in a series of books dealing with this topic, which have been published successively by various researchers from the Research Institute for Quality of Life, Romanian Academy, in 1995, 1999, 2002, 2004 and 2005. The editors of the current volume are three experienced scholars with long publication records in the areas of social policy, the welfare state, and the post-socialist transition. Professor Elena Zamfir is well-known for her academic contributions and initiatives in organizing the social work curriculum at the University of Bucharest. MălinaVoicu has a rich publication portfolio around modernization theories applied to Romania, while Simona Stănescu has published extensively on the welfare state in Romania, before and after its EU integration.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească Sacrul și puterea politică. Abordări psihosociale ale imaginarului colectiv, Editura Pro Universitaria, București, 2020. Sebastian Fitzek 2021-05-20T14:29:45+03:00 Elena Zamfir <p>Author Sebastian Fitzek's book is the result of constant preoccupations over time for a topic of political anthropology supported by a long period of study and documentation in the field of socio-human sciences. A book that followed a scientific intellectual path of the author for more than 10 years. I know the history of concerns for the subject of this book since 2007, when the author was enrolled in the courses of the doctoral school of sociology at the University of Bucharest.</p> 2021-05-19T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sociologie Românească