Sociologie Românească 2020-05-29T16:32:17+03:00 Sociologie Românească Open Journal Systems <div>Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology Review) is the official journal of the Romanian Sociological Association. First established in 1936, by the renowned (Romanian) scholar Dimitrie Gusti, the founder of the Sociological School of Bucharest, the Romanian Sociology Review is dedicated to promoting sociological knowledge and inquiry related to a broad-range of social processes. Covering different topics and domains, including gender studies, political issues, social inequalities, education, organization &amp; labour studies, criminology and migration studies, the review’s focus is oriented towards (but not limited to) empirical research from a sociological and historical approach.</div> <div>ISSN 1220-5389<br>E-ISSN 2668-1455</div> Politici sociale postmoderne în România: Între nevoie și schimbările așteptate ale sistemului de furnizare a bunăstării 2020-05-29T16:29:49+03:00 Bogdan Voicu <p>This paper discusses current challenges of the welfare regime in Romania, from the standpoint of postmodern cultural changes that started to affect society. Acording to the main argument, Romania is intertwined with other societies that have already underwent through fundamental changes due to increasing postmodern cultural orientation. Such process comes together with a need for individualization of intervention, due to individualization of needs. Delocalization and denormalization overlap individualization, in a world dominated by mobilities. The paper delves with the basic characteristics of these changes and shows how they already affect or may affect Romania in the near future, in specific domains such as family, education, or housing. International migration is in particular addressed, since Romania is experiencing a large and long-lasting out-migration flow. Changes in technologies are used as material basis for future changes, while cultural preferences and their changes are the red line for all subchapters.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Planificarea și evaluarea politicilor publice în domeniul asistenței sociale 2020-05-29T16:30:43+03:00 Daniel Arpinte <p>The main objective of the study is to analyse how the public policies in the area of social assistance are planned and evaluated in Romania. The first part of the study presents how the social assistance policies have been integrated into the social inclusion strategies, in a in try to identify the main priorities, as well as the way in which the strategic measures have been implemented in five key areas: broadening and development of public social assistance system, professionalisation of public social assistance services, connections between strategic strands in social assistance, social assistance financing, and monitoring and evaluation of social assistance system. The analysis is done in a broader context of planning an evaluation of public policies in Romania, a relatively new practice adopted by the public administration. The study underlines the state of the social assistance system from the perspective of each above mentioned area and tries to identify the main results of the implementation of the strategies. The available data shows that despite that, starting with 2002, the strategies from social inclusion area have included specific measures for social assistance, the results are modest, particularly in the area of community services, which has negative consequences on the capacity of the entire system to provide support for those in need. The public local social assistance services have a low rate of professionalisation, being weakly integrated into the county services system, which might generate an increase cost of the services, rather aiming to diminish the effects of the social problems than to prevent them. The social assistance remains marginalised, the previous achievements being rather a result of some incidental or particular investments, without a clearly defined vision about the role of public social assistance system.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Evoluția sistemului de protecție a copilului în România în ultimii 30 de ani 2020-05-29T16:31:39+03:00 Monica Marin Manuela Sofia Stănculescu <p>This study analyzes developments in the child protection system in Romania for the past 30 years. Based on the typologies created at international level, it identifies three key phases of development, mainly regarding deinstitutionalization process, started in 1997. The first phase of deinstitutionalization, up to 2001, caused by limited funds and the need to get quick results, the efforts concerning development of alternative type of care have mainly targeted a cost-efficient approach like placement in the extended family, foster care and adoption. Family type of services registered an extremely rapid and impressive development. Yet, monitoring capacity has not been adequately developed alongside this progressive development. The second phase of reforms (2002-2007) can be considered as an accelerated phase of deinstitutionalization. It has been very well supported by public awareness campaigns, with a consistent funding, that substantially supported the process. In 2004, a new legislative framework has been adopted, making a transition from a system centered around protecting children in difficult situation towards a system envisaging promotion and fullfiiling rights of all children. After 2007, deinstitutionalization process continued to be developed, but at a much slower pace, while only in 2014 a new more accelerated process of deinstitutionalization has been claimed and started since 2016. Based on the key characteristics of the system presented in evolution, the paper concludes with a series of development needs in the field of child protection system in Romania.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Politici publice adresate minorității rome în perioada postsocialistă: între europenizare și deresponsabilizare 2020-05-29T16:32:17+03:00 Ionuț-Marian Anghel <p>In this study I will focus on the main institutional developments and public and social policies that were developed during postsocialism in the field of (ethnic) minority protection and the improvement of the socio-economic well-being of Roma in Romania. In the first decade of postsocialism, efforts were rather headed towards cultural and political rights, and the interventions came from non-governmental organizations. After 2001, the first coherent public policy to address the Roma was developed for a period of 10 years (revised in 2006) and aimed to reduce the gaps between Roma and non-Roma in four areas: education, health, housing and employment. The Roma strategy pinpointed the institutional responsibilities at central and local level for its implementation and created positions within the prefectures, ministries and mayoralties, responsible for monitoring the implementation of the strategy. In the last part of the chapter I will discuss the development of policies and initiatives for Roma at European level, starting with the 1990s, when the European institutions had no instruments aimed at the protection of minorities and until present days when an European Union Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies was developed.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Tradiție și actualitate în sociologia academică ieșeană 2020-05-11T15:42:32+03:00 Cristina Gavriluţă <p>The text aims at emphasizing the tradition and evolution of the academic sociology of Iaşi, tracking its origins. Thus, we tried to focus upon the emblematic personalities who contributed to the development of sociology in Iaşi (Constantin Dimitrescu-Iași, Constantin Leonardescu, Dimitrie Gusti, Petre Andrei, Vasile Miftode), dwelling on the ideas and themes outlined or developed by them at the Iaşi school of sociology. Our approach went even further, purporting to emphasize the professional competences and publications of the new generation of sociological thinkers in Iaşi, especially as authors of volumes. This approach, which is part of a history of sociology in Iaşi, shows that sociology at „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University has had an outstanding evolution and a unique tradition.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Conferința Studii de Populație. Provocări și Perspective. Universitatea Babeș-Bolyai, Centrul de Studiere a Populației, Cluj-Napoca, 1-2 iulie 2019 2020-05-11T16:09:30+03:00 Mihaela Hărăguș Luminița Dumănescu <p>This presentation refers to the conference <em>Population Studies. Challenges and Prospects,</em> organized at the Babeș-Bolyai University, Centre for Population Studies, on June 1<sup>st</sup>-2<sup>nd</sup> 2019. The conference aimed to provide a retrospective overview on population research drawing from various disciplines (history, historical demography, demography, sociology, human geography, economy, medicine, etc.), as well as an opportunity for researchers to discuss the role of population studies in informing public policies that address issues of contemporary population, such as population ageing, migration, low fertility, etc. The 21 papers that were presented during the two days of the conference, situated in the field of social history, historical or contemporary demography, unraveled a wide array of topics and historical periods and employed various methodological approaches. A special focus was awarded to migration and its consequences.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Conferința internațională Multidisciplinary Perspectives in the Qausi-Coercive Treatment of Offenders – SPECTO, ediția a VII-a, Universitatea de Vest din Timișoara, Facultatea de Sociologie și Psihologie, Departamentul de Asistență Socială, 13-14 septembrie 2018 2020-05-18T22:36:55+03:00 Radu Năforniță <p>Between 13 and 14 September 2018, the European Probation Confederation (CEP) and the West University of Timisoara (UVT) – Faculty of Sociology and Psychology, Department of Social Work organized the 7th edition of the International Conference Multidisciplinary Perspectives in the Qausi-Coercive Treatment of Offenders – SPECTO. The International Conference SPECTO, whose promoter since the first 2009 edition is Prof. Univ. Dr. Mihaela Alida Tomiță, has become an expected meeting with much interest both by people working in academia and also by practitioners, civil society representatives, social experts and the general public.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească International Conference “State and Society in Europe”, 12th edition, organized by “Alexandru and Aristia Aman” Dolj County Library, Craiova, Romania, 23rd to 26th October 2019 2020-05-11T17:17:06+03:00 Simona Mihaiu Constantin Crăițoiu <p>Between 23<sup>rd </sup>and 26<sup>th</sup> October 2019, “Alexandru and Aristia Aman” Dolj County Library and “Alexandru and Aristia Aman” Foundation of Craiova - courtesy of Dolj County Council, in partnership with other cultural and of higher education and scientific institutions research, organized the 12<sup>th</sup> edition of the international scientific conference “State and Society in Europe”. In the course of the event, keynotes addresses, parallel sessions, book launch, round table, parallel workshops, and exhibitions took place. Through the diversity and topicality of the scientific themes addressed, the manifestation brought together over 120 participants from 11 countries such as Albania, Greece, Serbia and, as expected, Romania. During the four days of the conference, participants had the opportunity to debate research results from different thematic areas and academic or university centres in Central and Eastern Europe. At the same time, this scientific event facilitated the intercultural dialogue which, in this globalized world, contributed to the mutual knowledge of the participants. After more than a decade of organizing annually, this conference has become of a tradition in disseminating the results obtained by the international scientific community.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Conferința internațională „De l’Ouest à l’Est: Métamorphoses des Discours en Europe”, București, octombrie 2019 2020-05-11T17:32:46+03:00 Luminița Roșca <p>The International Conference “De l’Ouest à l’Est: Métamorphoses des Discours en Europe”/“From West to East: Metamorphoses of Discourses in Europe”, took place in Bucharest on 24-25 October 2019. The Conference was organised by the University of Bucharest and the Institute of Sociology of the Romanian Academy, under the aegis of the Observatory on Discourses and Counter-Discourses related to the European Construction (France) and was supported by The Regional Francophone Centre of Advances Research in Social Sciences (CEREFREA) in Bucharest. More than 60 participants from 10 countries participated to the debates related to the European discourse transformation within an interdisciplinary approach.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească „Mituri, falsuri, amnezii. O introducere critică în istoria școlii gustiene” – dezbatere organizată de Institutul de Cercetare al Universității din București, București, 15 noiembrie 2019 2020-05-11T18:17:55+03:00 Ionuț Butoi <p>On Friday, November 15, 2019, at „Dimitrie Gusti” Council Hall, Faculty of Sociology and Social Assistance, the University of Bucharest, was held the debate „Myths, falsehoods, amnesia. A critical introduction to the history of the Gustian school”, organized by the Research Institute of the University of Bucharest at the initative of Zoltán Rostás and Ionuț Butoi. The participants were contributors and collaborators of the Gusti Cooperative team, such as Dumitru Sandu, Theodora-Eliza Văcărescu, Matei Costinescu, Antonio Momoc, Călin Cotoi, Irina Nastasa-Matei, Marian Zulean and others. The debate intended to interrogate both the way in which the image of the Gustian school was built by its members, the way it was reintegrated into the scientific and cultural circuit during the communist period, and how it is discussed today. This paper proposes a summary of the debate, highlighting the main ideas discussed by the participants.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Evenimentul „10 ani Împreună”, organizat de Asociația Solwodi România la Biblioteca Națională a României, București, 21 noiembrie 2019 2020-05-11T23:26:23+03:00 Simona Mihaiu Adina Bălan <p>The Solwodi Romania Association is part of an non-governmental international network (Solidarity with Women in Distress) aimed at supporting women victims of domestic violence and trafficking in human beings. In 2010 the Solwodi Romania organization celebrated a decade of activity and, on this occasion, hosted the event “10 Years Together”, held on November 21 at the National Library of Romania in Bucharest. The manifestation debuted with a statement, supported by the association`s director, followed by the launch of the book: <em>Domestic violence. Theoretical aspects</em> – signed by the specialists of the Solwodi team. In the second part of the event, a scientific plenary session took place, where the participants had the opportunity to hear and debate topical communications related to domestic violence. At the end of the day, the director of the organization expressed gratitude and confidence in the efforts that Solwodi Romania Association will make, in the future, to support the victims of domestic violence and human trafficking. Approximately 90 participants, beneficiaries of the association's programs, specialists representing child protection services, local authorities, consular services, educational and research institutions, non-governmental organizations and of course, members of civil society, took part in the event.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească International Symposium on “Social Impact and the Social Sciences: Theory and Practice in the Era of Propaganda, Fake News and Media Manipulation”, 5-6 December 2019 2020-05-11T23:32:51+03:00 Ioana Ramia <p>Between 5 and 6 December 2019 the International Symposium “Social impact and the social sciences: Theory and practice in the era of propaganda, fake news and media manipulation” was held at the University of Bucharest. Parallel sessions were held throughout the two days, canvassing a range of important contemporary issues in the advancement of social impact. These included: the role of theory in analysing impact in the context of political propaganda; the challenges of online and offline strategies to tackle fake news and media manipulation; and the importance of evidence-based social impact programs in and for organisations in the government and non-profit sectors. Some discussions focused on regional issues, including the Black Sea area and the EU. Others focused on country-specific interventions with social impact. Additional presenters debated issues on fake news, media manipulation and social impact at the trans-national and global levels. In concluding the conference, Professor Marian Zulean and Dr Gaby Ramia, two of the conference organisers, announced that a conference discussing social issues in the Black Sea region is likely to be organised in May 2020, and the 2020 iteration of the conference will be organised for the Fall in 2020.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească Sergiu Bălțătescu, Claudia Bacter, Bunăstarea văzută prin ochii copiilor români: rezultatele studiului internațional „Lumea copiilor” (ISCWeB), Editura Universității din Oradea, Oradea, 2016, 118 p. 2020-05-11T23:41:49+03:00 Sara-Debora Topciu <p>The present review aims to present to the interested readers the main points underlying the book <em>Well-being seen through the eyes of the Romanian children: the results of the international study “Children’s Worlds” (ISCWeB)</em>, written by two professors of the University of Oradea, Department of Sociology – Social Assistance. Part of a research conducted internationally, the study aims to contribute to increasing the well-being of children and to support their participation in solving problems directly affecting them. In order to achieve this double objective, three questionnaires adapted to the ages of 8, 10 and 12 years were elaborated, which tried to cover the most important areas of their life. The results obtained from the undertaken study are valuable and useful to the approach regarding improving the quality of life of children.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sociologie Românească